The religions in Harbin are diverse. Buddhism and Taoism have a long history. Since modern times, along with the ceaseless introduction of western culture, Islam, Christianity, Catholicism and Orthodox have begun to be propagated here.
Buddhism was spread in Harbin from the Reign of Emperor Xizhong (1135-1150) in the Jin Dynasty (1115 – 1234). In 1924, Temple of Bliss (Ji Le Si) was completed and became the center of Buddhism activities. At present, there are more than 20 open temples in the city.
Taoism was introduced into Harbin area more than 800 years ago. Haiyun Taoist Temple on the Songfeng Mountain in Acheng is the earliest Taoist Temple of Harbin. There are many open Taoist Temples such as Shengqing and Haiyun Taoist Temple, which belong to the Quanzhen School of Taoism.
According to the historical documents, Islam was introduced into Harbin in the reign of Emperor Qianlong (1735 – 1795) in the Qing Dynasty (1644 – 1912). The main large-scale religious activities are held in the Mosque in Daowai District.
Catholicism was introduced into Harbin along with the construction of Chinese Eastern Railway (aka the Chinese Far East Railway) between the late 19th and the early 20th Century. At present, there are over 20 places for Catholicism activities.
Christianity was introduced into Harbin in about the mid-19th century. At present, there are over 200 places for Christianity activities.
Orthodox was introduced into Harbin over 110 years ago. On October 14th, 1984, Protection of the Virgin Church, Orthodox recovered religious activities.
Various religions developed splendidly, and eastern and western cultures gain a thorough understanding and inclusiveness, forming a free and open cultural feature in Harbin.
Quanzhen School of Taoism: The Quanzhen School of Taoism originated in Northern China. It was founded by the Taoist Wang Chongyang in the 12th century, during the rise of the Jin Dynasty.